HOW TO MAKE A DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

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A descriptive text is an theme in which you are asked to describe a person, an animal, a thing, or an environment. It presents the characteristics and the most significant aspects of the subject through the five senses: smell, taste, sight, touch, hearing.


To make a good description it is not enough to just list the characteristics of someone or something, but you need to understand what is necessary to describe, in what order and in what way. Here then is a simple guide on how to make a good descriptive theme for middle school.

To make a good descriptive text we must first read the trace, and understand what we must describe: a person, an animal, a thing or an environment? This is very important, because based on the subject to be described there are specific elements to report and analyze.

How to make a descriptive theme: Descriptive text of a person
If the trace of the middle school theme asks us to describe a person, we must consider both the physical aspect and the character of this person, and we must proceed according to a precise scheme:

  • presentation of the person: who he is, age, what job or activity he carries out
  • description of physical appearance: height and build, face, hair, eyes, nose, mouth
  • description of the clothing that this person generally uses
  • character analysis, bringing some episodes as an example to reinforce our statements
  • description of the mood that this person usually has
  • list of qualities and defects, always with some example episode
  • analysis of behaviors in various situations and habits
  • description of tastes in different areas such as food, sports, activities, etc.
  • list of interests, so what he likes to do and why
  • finally, in the conclusion, we talk about the relationship we have with this person, and we add personal considerations about this
  • How to make a descriptive text of an animal
  • The description of an animal may relate to a breed in general, such as a dog, a horse, a tiger, or a pet of ours or another person (our parrot, a friend’s dog, an aunt’s cat). Also in this case it is necessary to describe the physical and the character aspect, following this lineup:
  • presentation of the animal: name, what breed it is, where it lives
  • description of the body: greatness, from what its body is covered, the color
  • description of the head: muzzle, ears, beak, mane, crest, etc.
  • description of the legs: how many they are and how they are
  • characteristics of the breed: where it lives, how it reproduces, what the male is called and what the female is called, what she eats
  • character and behavior: what behavior this animal usually has, and if it is a domestic animal that we know we describe its character, bringing some episodes as an example
  • conclusions: let’s do some reflection on the animal, because we like it, what relationship it has with us
  • How to make a descriptive text of an object
  • To describe an object it is enough to list the physical characteristics of the object, and then talk about the sensations it arouses in us, according to the following scheme:

Presentation of the object:

  • what it is, who it is
  • physical description according to the five senses: how it looks at sight, what smell it has, what sensation it causes to the touch, what sounds it produces (if it is produced), what it tastes like (if it is a food)
  • where the object is located: we specify where it is, if it can move, what is near, behind, forward, right and left
  • conclusions: let’s talk about the sensations that this object arouses in us, because we like it and because we are particularly attached
  • Descriptive theme: Descriptive text of an environment
  • To describe an environment means to grasp all its details, and to talk about the feelings it arouses in us. For the description of an
  • environment we can follow the following lineup:
  • presentation of the environment: where it is, what it is called, what kind of environment it is
  • physical description of the environment: what is in the foreground, in the background and in the background according to our point of view; which colors, sounds, noises, smells and perfumes has
  • what temperature is in place
  • conclusions: what feelings and emotions this environment inspires us, and why we are particularly attached to it

Subjective and objective descriptive text

We can choose to write our descriptive theme in two different ways:

  • with an objective description, that is through a series of characteristics that can be objectively noticed by all
  • making a subjective description, that is a personal description, with feelings, feelings and opinions about who or what we describe
  • Descriptive text: language and form
  • To write an excellent descriptive text, one must also be careful with language and form. The language must be clear, direct, full of terms concerning (where possible!) Sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell, so as to provide a complete picture of the person, of the animal , of the thing, of the environment we are describing.

It is important then to use adjectives, because above all through these we can make clear the qualities of what we are talking about.

We can also make the descriptive theme less boring by adding some funny details, like a nice anecdote or a funny episode related to the described subject.

Finally, keep an eye on the form: we use short sentences, we pay attention to spelling errors, and let’s make sure of the meaning of the words by consulting the dictionary!

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